Thursday, August 6, 2020


 I haven't added to my blog in a year or more.  I've been active in teaching DNA webinars during COVID and teaching DNA classes before COVID, and playing with active grandkids for the last few years.  I'm still here.  I'll hopefully add something useful to my site.......  soon.


Friday, March 22, 2019


I'm doing a few presentations this year on DNA.  I'll be doing three presentations for the GSCCA (Genealogical Society of Craighead County Arkansas) in Jonesboro Arkansas (Beginning DNA, What to do with the results of your DNA test, and Advanced DNA Tools).  I'm also doing the second hour of Let's Discuss It this Saturday at the Tennessee Genealogical Society and will be doing a quick look at the transformation from GEDMATCH to GEDMATCH/GENESIS.  I'm posting the one page handout so the blog links can be available for attendees.

23 March 2018

GEDMATCH/GENESIS is a FREE site for uploading autosomal DNA from many different testing companies with the ability to compare SNP data.  This is especially useful for AncestryDNA testers as that site does not provide segment location data with its reported results.  On the tools at GEDMATCH/GENESIS you also have the ability to adjust many reporting thresholds for your matches.

GENESIS is the rebirth of GEDMATCH providing matching for many more testing companies and chips than GEDMATCH handled previously.  GEDMATCH has not yet gone away, but all DNA kits which had been uploaded to GEDMATCH have been ported to GENESIS.  Any NEW uploads will be made to the GENESIS site.  To make things a little confusing, at the moment, any NEW ACCOUNTS will be created on the GEDMATCH site.  Several tools on GENESIS are labeled as Beta and may change as the company tweaks its new site.  The tools at GEDMATCH still function, but no new kits for comparison are added there.

The CURRENT process for using GEDMATCH/GENESIS is to:
1.  Download your raw autosomal DNA data to your computer in ZIP format from AncestryDNA, MyHeritage, 23andME, FTDNA or other DNA testing companies.  Each company provides directions for doing this.  If you don’t see the menu item, use the HELP facility at your testing company. [If you’re a MAC user, set default to NOT unpack ZIP files.]
2.  Create an account at GEDMATCH.
3.  Login to GENESIS
4.  Upload your ZIP file to GENESIS.  You can upload multiple DNA files (for multiple people) in one account.
5.  Wait a couple of days until the matching is complete (there is an icon indicating completion on GENESIS).  While waiting you might read the links above and the HELP files at GEDMATCH/GENESIS.
6.  After your wait, login to GENESIS and begin using the tools, upload a GEDCOM file and assign the point person in your GEDCOM file.
7.  Any password changes you wish to make still need to be made on the GEDMATCH site, currently.

There is another part of GEDMATCH/GENESIS that you will see called TIER ONE.  This is a section of additional tools that are part of a PAID section.  The cost is $10 per month.  You can purchase as many or as few months as you’d like.

Things you can do on GENESIS:

One to Many Matching
Chromosome comparison
User Lookup tool
X-DNA matching
Ethnicity tools
People who match both or 1 of 2 kits

Sunday, April 22, 2018

These links will be useful to those who have attended the DNA Part 1 Class on Choosing a DNA Test.  While you're waiting for your ordered test results to be available, read, read, read.

Learn about DNA:
1.  Beginner's Guide of DNA Resources (ISOGG):'_guides_to_genetic_genealogy
2.  Learn about genetic genealogy (ISOGG):
3.  Genealogical DNA testing myths (OSOGG):
4.  Genetics Glossary (ISOGG):
5.  Autosomal DNA (ISOGG):
6.  Mitochondrial DNA (ISOGG):
7.  Y-chromosome DNA (ISOGG):

HINT:  After you have ordered your DNA kit and before you receive your results, log in to the company from which you ordered the test, read the FAQ and Help files and tutorials.  Also create or upload your tree to the site and set up your profile for the site.  After your DNA results are available, LINK your DNA to your name on your tree.  Now comes the hard work, analysis AND fun!

DNA Link Pages:
Cyndi's List of DNA Resources:
Genie Links -

YouTube has MANY videos on Getting Started with DNA Research
Example: Do a search on YouTube for  DNA Bettinger or search for DNA genealogy, you'll see several interviews and classes by Blaine Bettinger and useful videos.

Useful charts, tools and methods to help in determining relationships with DNA:
1.  Shared cM Project chart -
2.  The McGuire Method:
3.  X-Chromosome inheritance charts -
4.  Y and Mitochondrial (mtDNA) inheritance -
5.  Mirror Trees -
6.  More on Mirror Trees -
          (update 4 Jul 2018 - Mirror Trees are used less often now)
7.  DNA Mapping -
9.  More on DNAGEDCOM -
10.  DNA Painter Part 1 -
11.  DNA Painter Part 2 -
12.  DNA Painter Parts 3 & 4 - TBD
13.  The DNA Green Chart -
14.  MAPMY23 - tool for transferring Ancestry data to FamilyTreeDNA  -
15.  Genetic Genealogy Using GEDMATCH -

Blogs on DNA:
1.  DNAeXplained - Genetic Genealogy - Blog by Roberta Estes -
2.  The Genetic Genealogist - Blog by Blaine Bettinger -
3.  KittyCooper's Blog - Blog by Kitty Cooper -

Useful DNA Facebook Groups:
1. User Group
2.  Autosomal DNA-Gedmatch-FTDNA-23andME-Ancestry-MyHeritage
3.  GEDmatch Lazarus Tool
4.  DNA Detectives
5.  Genetic Genealogy Tips & Techniques
6.  Genealogy! Just ask!
7.  Kentucky DNA and Genealogy-  (one I read, but look for YOUR state)
8.  GAA (Genealogy Addicts Anonymous)
9.  FTDNA User Group
10.  DNA for Genealogy
11.  Ancestry DNA Matching
12.  DNA Painter User Group
13.  DNA Newbie
14.  Genome Mate Pro
15.  DNAGedcom User Group

The four major testing companies in our presentation:
1.  Ancestry -
2.  FamilyTree DNA (FTDNA) -
3.  23andMe -
4.  MyHeritageDNA -

Sunday, February 11, 2018

#52ancestors - Valentine

A vintage pop-up Valentine sent to my mother, when she was a little girl. I don't know the date, but she was born in 1921, so it was probably sometime in the 1920's. The back says to: Geneva. from: Aunts. The aunts are probably Aunt Fannie, Ivey and Billie Cummins, sisters of my mother's mother, Mary Cummins Gray. The aunts lived together in their later years and earned a living by running a boarding house in Old Eddyville Kentucky.

Thursday, February 1, 2018

#52ancestors - In The Census

I learned SO many interesting things from the U.S. Census records, but I'll make this a short entry.  Elizabeth Jones married Willard C Town in 1840 in Caldwell County Kentucky.  He died in 1847.  I had found her in the 1870 census, living with her oldest son and still showing her married name, Elizabeth Town, so it was a shock to find her, with her children, living with Samuel Pearce and going by the name Elizabeth Pearce in the 1860 census.  A trip to the courthouse was needed.  Sure enough, she had married Samuel Pearce in 1859, but they divorced on Tuesday the 9th of June in 1868 by petition of Samuel.  Sure would like to know more.....   Genealogy is such a wonderful mystery trip!!!

One more note.  Those frustrating things that happen between those ten years between census records:
A birth and subsequent death of a child (pre birth certificates; no burial record as probably buried on the home farm.....
A marriage and divorce in between census records.
A marriage and a death between census records.....

More mysteries....